In running a business or business on a small or large scale, financial statements are important things that should not be missed. The financial data contained therein makes it easy for you to find out the financial condition of the business being run in detail. With this report, of course you can also strategize or make decisions.
A successful business certainly has a clear and healthy financial condition, but a number of business owners are still unable to implement a management system properly. Financial statements do tend to be complex and need to be done by people who are experts in their fields. This report certainly has an important role for the progress of the business. To find out more, see the review below.
Money that goes out in a business is often not recorded because it is in the form of receipts and receipts that make most business owners frantically with the amount of costs already incurred. The existence of financial statements is certainly very helpful to anticipate this. However, there are actually several types of financial statements that are needed in running a business. What are there?
Profit and loss
An income statement is a type of report that must exist in a company. The existence of this report will help you know the performance of the business in a certain period. Generally, this report contains aspects of income, minority rights, tax burden, and others. This report can be used as a reference for capital that will be used in the future because the purpose of this report is made to explain how much loss you have gained. In addition, you can also make comparisons of expenses made from before so that helps to be more efficient budget.
In addition to profit and loss, reports that are needed in a business are cash flow. Generally, this report contains transactions or fees that go in or out. With this report, you will also know the cash flow that occurred in the previous period. Not only that, cash flow report can also be a determinant for financial planning in the future.
A balance sheet is the most important report that a company must have. The contents of this report are liabilities, assets, and equity. Assets are usually the sum of liabilities and equity. Here, you can also see cash balances, total investment properties, customer deposits, and debt amounts. Thus, you will get detailed details about the good or bad status of your business compared to the previous condition.
Changes in Capital
Every business actor wants to spend less capital than the previous period, but of course in a business that may not happen. Making reports of changes in capital is very important to be made. However, before preparing the report, you need to complete the financial statements of income in advance to find out whether your business makes a profit or even suffers losses.
After that, then you can make a report on changes in capital, where you can analyze what causes more capital spent. If there is a depreciation of capital, you should immediately find the cause to avoid this so that the capital spent in the next period decreases
The next financial statement that is no less important is debt accounting to provide information about borrowed funds for business purposes. When compiling, you also need to write down the age of debt so that it is easy to make decisions based on cash flow for the business being run.